Kannada adult sites
Approximately 77% of the captive lions registered by the International Species Information System are of unknown origin. It also reflects the classification used by IUCN Red List assessors and the revision by the Cat Classification Task Force: This is the nominate lion subspecies.
Nonetheless, they might carry genes that are extinct in the wild, and might be therefore important to maintain overall genetic variability of the lion. In North Africa, lions are regionally extinct in the wild due to excessive hunting; the last known Barbary lion was killed in Morocco in 1942.
It is possibly extinct in Mauritania, Mali, Ghana, Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Sierra Leone and Togo.
Females cooperate when hunting and prey mostly on large ungulates. In the Pleistocene, the lion was the most widespread large land mammal and ranged from Southern Africa to Northern Europe, across all of Asia and North America to Peru.
It has been extensively depicted in sculptures and paintings, on national flags, and in contemporary films and literature.
Lions have been kept in menageries since the time of the Roman Empire, and have been a key species sought for exhibition in zoos over the world since the late 18th century.
It is usually more diurnal than other big cats, but when persecuted adapts to being active at night and at twilight.
A lion pride consists of a few adult males, related females and cubs.
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Results of another phylogeographic study indicate that southeastern Ethiopia, western Somalia and northern Kenya are genetic admixture regions between lions from Central Africa and Southern Africa, and that lions in the northern part of Central Africa are genetically closer to lions in North and West Africa, and those in the southern part of Central Africa closer to lions in Southern Africa.